How Genetics Play Into Tooth Decay

Those who are diligent about their oral health, making sure they brush twice daily and floss at least once per day, often see the fruits of their labor reflecting in their healthy, cavity-free teeth. Even so, despite such diligence, there are those who are more susceptible to cavities no matter how much they brush or floss.

However, the fault may not lie with the individuals themselves-it could very well be the result of their genes. As stated in two papers by dental researchers hailing from University of Pittsburgh, specific genetic variations might be the root of both tooth decay as well as severe periodontitis.

According to senior author Alexandre Vieira, who is also an assistant oral biology professor at the University of Pittsburgh, one’s cavity rate can be affected by polymorphisms (individual variations) in once specific gene-beta defensin 1. Also called DEFB1, this gene is known to play a primary role in immediate immune responses against invasive germs.

Dr. Vieira stated in the initial paper, “We were able to use data gathered from our dental registry and the DNA Repository – the only one of its kind in the world – to see if certain polymorphisms were associated with the development of caries [cavities].”

“This could help us find new ways to treat people who are particularly susceptible to tooth decay, a problem that afflicts millions of Americans,” Dr. Vieira continued. By examining almost 300 unidentified dental records as well as registry saliva samples, Vieira’s team assigned all cases both a DMFT score (established by number of adult teeth missing, filled, or decayed) and DMFS score (established by number of teeth decayed, missing, and with filled surfaces.)

Normally, people with fewer cavities have lower scores. Every saliva sample had one out of three variations, which were dubbed DEFB1 gene polymorphisms C-44G, G-20A, and G-52A. Vieira’s team reported individuals with G-20A variations had DMFS and DMFT scores five-times greater than those with other variants. Specifically, G-52A variations often resulted in the lowest DMFT scores.

The second paper saw Vieira’s team collaborate with Brazilian researchers to examine 389 saliva samples, which were for people among 55 families. These samples were used for finding genetic links with severe periodontitis, known for rapid deterioration of the gums as well as being more commonly seen in individuals of African descent, per the paper.

Vieira’s team reported discovering hints of a link between periodontitis and the FAM5C gene. As well, further experiments indicated raised amounts of FAM5C activation in spots of infected periodontal tissue when compared to normal tissue. “The FAM5C gene recently was implicated in cardiovascular disease, in which inflammation plays a role, just as in periodontitis,” Vieira said. “More research is needed to see if variation in the gene is associated with different activity profiles.”

To play it safe, though, if dental problems run rampant in your family, you need to make sure you have an oral hygiene program set up as soon as possible with your dentist. It may not seem like much, but that bi-annual visit can help prevent not only serious oral health problems, but your health in general.

Healthy Diet For Teeth & Gums

As in our entire body, the health of our teeth and gums depends on our food. Apart from vitamin D and calcium, other minerals and vitamins play an essential role in dental care.

It is known that food is determinant in our general health and, logically, influences the state of our oral hygiene.

Within this, there are nutrients whose participation in the formation and health of the teeth and gums is fundamental. Among them are calcium, phosphorus, fluorine, vitamin D, vitamin A and B vitamins.

These nutrients are essential for the formation and maintenance of body structures and teeth and gums:

1. Calcium

Calcium is a micronutrient that facilities the formation of bone and teeth in a human body. The optimal contribution of calcium is achieved with five or six glasses of milk, either whole or skimmed, five or six cups of yoghurt or about 150 grams of cheese in portions.

Foods rich in calcium are dark green vegetables, small fish, nuts, beans, cereals, etc.

2. Phosphorus

Phosphorus constitutes the structure of the bones and the teeth. Foods such as milk, eggs, fish, legumes, walnuts or courgettes are rich in phosphorus.

3. Vitamin D

Vitamin D maintains the health of bones and good dental hygiene and health since it stimulates the absorption of phosphorus and calcium, which are necessary to have healthy bones and teeth and to keep our nervous system in good condition. Vitamin D is found in blue fish, fish liver oil, margarine, eggs, milk and dairy products.

4. Vitamin C

Vitamin C plays a significant role in the development and maintenance of gum and dental health. It is found in fruits known as citrus (orange, lemon, mandarin, grapefruit, etc.), kiwi, fresh soybeans, tomatoes, green peppers, lettuce, potato, cauliflower, etc.

5. Vitamin A

Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin essential for good skin and mucosal conditions and is involved in the function of vision. Its deficit causes alteration of the structure of bones and teeth and drying of mucous membranes, which increases the predisposition to caries and infections.

It is found in foods of animal origin (in the form of retinol) such as cheese, bluefish, butter, liver, egg yolk, whole milk or enriched. Foods of plant origin (in the form of beta-carotene) such as Brussels sprouts, apricot, carrot, spinach, mango, peach, tomato, melon, medlars, etc.

6. Niacin

It appears to play an essential role in the prevention of periodontitis and other teeth problems. Its administration improves glossitis (inflammation of the tongue) and atrophic tongue. Niacin is found in the liver, lean meats, cereals, legumes and brewer’s yeast.

7. Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12 Improves glossitis. The food sources are meats, viscera, eggs, fish and dairy products. This vitamin is not present in foods of plant origin, so it lacks in strict vegetarian regimes.

What Are The Hidden Benefits Of Herbal Medicines?

When you think about the herbal remedies, there are different questions that roam in your mind. Thus, the existence of herbal remedies is hard to gulp down for many. However, the history of herbal medicines has proved its effectiveness in many cases. Despite the criticism among the different parts of the world, many people still love the high impact of Ayurveda in treating their worsen scars over the time. There are several common drugs derived from plant-based sources for treating the most common congenital diseases for their wide advantages. From the roots to the tips, different parts of a plant are used to reap the benefits.

The allopathic drugs are made with most chemicals, which harm the body and react in some way. The synthetic chemicals and active plant and animal based ingredients can worsen the problems. However, the healing power of Ayurveda has numerous of benefits with hardly posses any side effects on the body or mind. Natural plant products have been used globally in treating various common and some of the most complex problems. They have several advantages to cure the problems effectively and have banished them from the roots.

Top Advantages Of Herbal Medicines To Cure The Common Problems:-

  • No Side Effects: Herbal remedies are handy and there are no side effects of using the organic matters directly from your garden. Alike the allopathic drugs, they don’t have bad impact on your skin, body and mind. They are modest as when compared to all the drugs in the pharmaceutical industries and are the best for those who are allergic to certain drugs.
  • Lower Cost: There are some best of treatments available in the science that cures the problems but not everyone can afford them for their expensive nature. The Ayurvedic medicines are relatively cheaper in the nature when compared to allopathic drugs. Moreover, they are easily available in the abundant quantities over the world.
  • Ease Of Availability Over The Prescribed Ones: Herbal products such as oils, teas, medicines, etc. extracted from the plants are healthier and are available easily in most stores as they are cost effective for both the suppliers and the consumers. Furthermore, you don’t need to get prescription from the doctor before its consumption.
  • Beneficial For Its Healing Properties: A wide assortment of herbs is used for treating the chronic and acute conditions and various ailments. From glowing skin to treating the worsen epidermis damage, herbs can do wonders for your skin to cure the problems effectively.